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Here _____________the answers. [ ]A. isB. areC. am-五年级英语

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Here _____________the answers. [ ]A. isB. areC. am-五年级英语

题文

Here _____________ the answers.

[     ]

A. is
B. are
C. am
题型:单选题  难度:偏易

答案

B

据专家权威分析,试题“Here _____________the answers. [ ]A. isB. areC. am-五年级..”主要考查你对  倒装句  等考点的理解。关于这些考点的“档案”如下:

倒装句

考点名称:倒装句

  • 倒装句:
    为了强调、突出等语用目的而颠倒原有语序的句式叫做倒装句。
    在英语中,我们把主语在前谓语动词在后的句子叫陈述句,把谓语动词放在主语前面的句子叫倒装句。

  • 完全倒装和部分倒装:
    如果全部谓语放在主语之前,叫完全倒装;
    如果只把助动词或情态动词放在主语之前就叫部分倒装。
    A、完全倒装 
    a. 用于there be句型。 例:
    There are some students in the classroom. 教室里有几位学生。 
    There is a tall tree in front of the classroom. 教室的前面有一棵大树。 
    b. 用于“here(there, now, then)+实义动词+主语”的句型中,或以 in,out,up,down,away 等副词开头的句子里,以表示强调。 例:
    Here comes the bus. 汽车来了。 
    There goes the bell. 铃响了。 
    Now comes your turn. 现在轮到你了。 
    Out went the children. 孩子们出去了。
    注意:
    a.主语是代词时,主语和谓语不能倒装。
    b.here,there 放在句首通常用一般现在时。 例:
    Here it is. 给你。(你要的东西在这儿。) 
    Here he comes. 他来了。
    c.用于so,neither,nor开头的句子,表示重复前句的部分内容。原句的谓语应与前句的谓语的时态、形式相一致。
    He has been to Canada. So have I. 他去过加拿大,我也去过。 
    You can't speak French. Neither can she. 你不会说法语,她也不会。
    表示前面所述的情况也适合于后面一个人或事物,通常在so后用倒装句式(部分倒装用一般问句的形式):
    He likes English. So do I. 他喜欢英语,我也一样。
    He was ill and so were his parents. 他病了,他父母也病了。
    但是如果前面所述情况为否定式,则用neither,nor引出倒装句(此时不能用so):
    He couldn’t do it, and neither could she. 他做不了,她也做不了。 
    He never comes late. Nor do I. 他从不迟到,我也从不迟到。 
    后一句子若只是重复前句的意思,起加强语气的作用,so后面不用倒装句式:
    —He has done a good job. 他干得不错。 
    —So he has. 他的确干得不错。

    B、部分倒装。(小学阶段出现情况较少,在此不作进一步解释)

  • 倒装句使用情况:
    1. 在以here,there,up,in,out,away,off等表示方位的副词开头的句子里, 主语是名词时,句子要用倒装,以示强调;但主语是代词时,主谓不倒装。如:
    Away flew the birds.
    Out rushed the children.
    There goes the bell.

    2. 以only修饰的副词、介词短语或状语从句(自身不倒装)位于句首时,常用倒装句。如:
    Only when the war was over in 1949 was he able to go to school.
    Only in a big city was it possible for him to buy a wheelchair.
    Only after I read the text over again did I know its main idea..

    3. 在so(肯定句),neither和nor(否定句)引起的句子中, 表示上文所讲的某种情况“也”适合于下文的另一人物时, 用倒装。如:
    Lucy likes China. So does Lily.
    Tom doesn’t like bananas. Neither/Nor do I.
    【注意】如果so不是表示“也”的意思,而是表示“的确”、“果真如此”时,即使它位于句子开头也不用倒装的形式;
    另外,如果在讲前面的某种情况时既含有动作动词又含有be动词,(或者前面所讲的情况既有肯定又有否定或者两个主语既有人又有物),再讲后面的另一人物“也”是这样时,要用so的特殊句型, 但还是用正常语序。如:
    John won first prize in the contest. So he did.
    She is a good girl and she likes English very much. So it is with Han Mei.
    Lucy is an American, she doesn’t like Chinese tea. So it is with Lily.

    4. 在so…that(如此…以至于)句型中,如果so连同状语一起位于句首时,也用倒装形式。如:
    So tired was he after a long journey that he couldn’t stay up.

    5. 在as以引导的让步状语从句中,谓语动词以后的部分倒装(提到as之前)。如:
    Young(Child)as he is,he knows a lot about computer.
    【注意】在as引导的这种倒装的让步状语从句中,被倒装的部分一般分为三种:
    表语、状语和动词原形。如果表语是不带定语的单数可数名词,前边的a(an)要省去;
    被倒装的动词原形常与may、might、will、would等词连用,而这些词都要保留在原来的位置上。
    此外,这个倒装在句首的动词原形不能是连系动词(若是连系动词,倒装的部分是表语),一般多为不及物动词。再看另外的两个例句:
    Much as I hate him, I will not kill him.
    Try as he might, Tom could not find a job.

    6. 表示否定意义的副词或连词位于句首时,要用倒装。常见的这类词语有:
    not、never、seldom、rarely、hardly、by no means、in no time、little等。如:
    Never shall I forget the day.
    Little did I know when I took the trip where it would lead me.
    By no means shall we understand you.

    7. 省略if的倒装
    在if引导的虚拟语气中,谓语动词有were、had或should等时,可以将if省掉,把这些词语移到主语之前。如:
    Were I you(=If I were you), I would do thework better.
    Had they time (=If they had time) ,they should certainly come and help us.
    Should there be a flood (=If there should be a flood), what should we do?

    8. such表示“这样的人/事”时, (系动词往往是be动词),当such位于句首时,就要用倒装。如:Such would be our home in the future.
    Such was Albert Einstein, a simple man and the 20th century’s greatest scientist.

    9. 几个否定关联词组连接的两并列分句
    ①. not only…but(also)…连接的分句前倒后正。如:Not only was the city polluted but (also) the streets were crowed.
    ②. no sooner... than;hardly…when…; scarcely…when (before)…等连接的分句前倒后正。如:
    No sooner had he finished the talk than a man stood up and put forward a question.
    Hardly had we got to the bus stop when the bus arrived.
    ③. not until…连接的分句前正后倒。如:
    Not until Mr. Smith came to China did he know what kind of a country she is.
    Not until all the fish died in the river did the villagers realize how serious the pollution was.
    ④. neither…nor…连接的分句前后都倒,并且每个分句一般都是部分倒装。

    用于部分倒装的情况:
    1.表示否定意义或半否定意义的词置于句首时。常见的有seldom,never,hardly,no not,little 等。
    2.由 only,not until 引导的状语置于句首时。
    3.no sooner…than, hardly…when等结构中,no sooner 和hardly 置于句首时主语用部分倒装。
    4.在so/such…that 引导的结果状语从句中,so/such引导的部分置于句首时主句用倒装。
    5. “so/neither/nor+be/助动词/情态动词+主语”so与前面的肯定句呼应,nor, neither 与后面的否定句呼应。其中的动词形式取决于前一句的动词。表示前者的情况也适用于后者或一者具备两种情况。
    6.省略if的虚拟条件句以had/were/should 开头引起的倒装。


分类标签:

单选题 倒装 动词 主语

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